Workplace Bullying Prevention & Resolution Strategies
While the most effective strategies for bullying prevention are implemented throughout an entire school or community, there are some things individual teachers can do to foster a school environment intolerant of bullying. Only studying "the extreme end is neglecting the fact that there's a peer group supporting bullying behavior and that we have kids playing various roles," says Espelage, who teaches psychology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Thirteen projects used theatre as a means of increasing awareness about bullying.
Data from each school is collected and analyzed on the prevalence and characteristics of bullying (e.g., focusing on identifying vulnerable populations and hot spots” in school buildings, on school grounds, or on school buses). Relational bullying is done specifically to impact someone's social life, often ostracizing the victim from friends.
National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities - Funded by OSEP to provide information on disabilities in children and youth; programs and services available for infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities under IDEA; and research-based information on effective practices for children with disabilities (birth through 21 years of age.
When they broke up, he proceeded to distribute the photo to hundreds of students at area high schools, as well as disseminate it through social networking sites. Students who both bully and are bullied were at the highest risk for negative outcomes (CDC, 2011a, 2011b).
Schools can stop bullying by creating a culture of tolerance and making it clear that bullying behaviors are unacceptable. Interventions involving Aboriginal students show promise when they consider culture-based practices to resolve bullying incidents. First, it's important for parents to understand what the warning signs of bullying are, so they can recognize it. Then it is vital to have open and honest communication, ensuring that the child feels comfortable talking about the experiences.
"Bullying in 25 secondary schools: incidence, impact and intervention". Staff also need ongoing training in intervention and regular auditing to measure the impact of anti-bullying work. 98% bullying story of the bullying projects in this sample involved children and youth as participants.
Therefore, interventions for these children should focus on the basics: the development of social skills such as cooperation, respect and empathy (B.C. Ministry of Education & B.C. Ministry of Attorney General, 1999; Smith & Madsen, 1999). Some projects in the data set involved several schools or community partners, including institutional directors (e.g. school board, public health department).
Please contact PACER's National Bullying Prevention Center for more specific guidance regarding your particular circumstances. When bullying and harassment overlap, federally funded schools have an obligation to resolve the harassment. Once a policy has been implemented, an anti-bullying initiative designed to increase awareness, educate and ultimately change students' attitudes and behaviours, can be introduced.
In addition, the teacher's section of the CCA website provides detailed lesson plans, designed to work in conjunction with the PSAs, for children in kindergarten to grade 6. The website contains other bullying resources specifically designed for children, parents and teachers.
Parental involvement is a key issue in addressing bullying in schools (Ma, 2002; Mayencourt, Locke & McMahon, 2003; Shannon & McCall, n.d.). The main goal of involving parents is to improve the lines of communication between school and parents on bullying and to secure their support for the school's policy and programs on bullying (Smith, 2000).
Susan M. Swearer, PhD, is Associate Professor of School Psychology at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Codirector of the Bullying Research Network, and Codirector of the Nebraska Internship Consortium in Professional Psychology. Schools can implement rules that stress treating peers and adults with respect, and establish consequences for those who engage in bullying.